From the word akri (κρη, "tip" or "edge") and the verb vaino (βανω, "to walk"), an acrobat is someone who walks on the edge, almost on tiptoe.
It took me some time to realize that this word comes from Greek. A lot of words disguise themselves as Old French or Latin but cemetery in fact comes from the word koimame (κοιμμαι, "to sleep") which is also the root of the Greek word koimitirion (κοιμητριο, "dormitory"). A cemetery is a dormitory for the dead!
Cynicism comes from the Cynics, a school of Ancient Greek philosophers. But the name probably derives from a public gymnasium called Cynosarges, where one of Socrates’ pupils taught. According to one myth, the Athenians were in the middle of making an offering to Heracles when a dog snatched the animal and deposited it near the location where the gymnasium was later built.
Everyone’s favorite word, democracy — from demos (δμος, "people") and kratos (κρτος, "power") — is simply put: Power to the People!
每一个人都喜欢这个词，民主 — 起源于demos(“人民”)以及kratos(“权力”)— 二者很简单的被放到一起：权力属于人民!
What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think of a dinosaur? According to Greek, a dinosaur is a lizard from deinos (δεινς, "terrible") and savra (σαρα, "lizard").
According to Ancient Greek mythology, Europe was a mythological princess, with big, beautiful eyes, from evrys (ευρς, "broad") and ops (ωψ, "eye"). Zeus fell in love with her and, to approach her, he transformed himself into a white bull. Europe sat on the bull and was taken on a faraway trip to what is today Europe. If you have just come back from Greece you may have this little piece of mythology lying somewhere in your wallet, as the story of Europe and the bull is depicted on the Greek 2-Euro coin.
Galaxy, a.k.a. Milky Way comes from the Greek word for milk, gala (γλα). According to Ancient Greek mythology , the Milky Way was created by Heracles, son of Zeus, when he tried to suckle on his step-mother’s milk while she slept. When Hera woke up to discover that she was breastfeeding an infant that was not her own, she pushed the child away, causing the milk to spurt into the universe. Galaxy又被称为Milky Way,起源于希腊单词milk, gala。
Another one from the Ancient Greeks, Hermaphrodite was the son of Gods Hermes and Aphrodite. As the most handsome man in the world, he became the object of affection of nymph Salmacis who prayed to the Gods that they stay together forever. The Gods heard her prayer and joined the two in one body.
A marathon is a long-distance footrace and there are thousands of marathons taking place every year around the world. Officially, a marathon is 42.1 km (or 26.1 miles) long, in a nod to the actual distance between the cities of Marathon and Athens.
Although dictionaries will tell you that the word comes from Portuguese, it, in fact, comes from theGreek words meli (μλι, "honey") and milo (μλο, "apple") or sweet apple/fruit. Another source says that Ancient Greeks liked cooking quinces, which are known in Portuguese as marmelos, with honey.
For a word that is used so often in English, it has a somewhat bizarre etymology. It comes from theGreek words melas (μλας, "black") and khole (χολ, bile), as it was once believed that when you are feeling gloomy and melancholic, your spleen produces an excess of black bile
Music means art of the Muses, the Muses being nine goddesses who presided over the arts and the sciences. A museum was originally a shrine for the Muses.
Narcissism comes from the Ancient Greek mythological figure of Narcissus, a young man who fell in love with himself when he saw his reflection in a lake. A nymph, who fell passionately in love with him, withered away into nothingness when he ignored her and the only thing that was left of her was her voice. Her name was Echo.
The word panic comes from the name of Ancient Greek goat-god Pan, who spread terror among the nymphs.
Another word that means terror, a phobia is an irrational fear and there are many strange phobias today which derive from Greek.
Planet comes from the Greek verb planomai (πλανμαι) which means to wander. To the Ancient Greeks, planets were wandering stars.
Sarcasm comes from the word sarx (σρξ) and it describes the act of stripping off someone’s flesh, metaphorically at least, with a sneering comment.
From the Greek words schizein (σχζειν, "to split") and phren (φρην, "mind"), it is pretty self-explanatory.
19.Tele + word
Words that start with tele denote distance. A telephone is a voice from afar, a telescope gives you the ability to see in the distance, a telegraph enables you to write from a distance.
Thespian is a fancy word for actor, especially a theater actor, but the name comes after Thespis himself, a 6th century B.C. Ancient Greek poet who was said to be the first person to ever appear on a stage as an actor.